Health & Safety

It is important that employers ensure that lift-truck operators are trained to the standards outlined in the L117 ACOP.
As an external and accredited trainer, we provide novice, refresher and conversion training.
This ensures operators are fully trained with lower risk of work related injuries in the work place.

Health & Safety at Work

The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in the UK.

It is sometimes referred to as HSWA, the HSW Act, the 1974 Act or HASAWA.

It sets out the general duties which:

  • Employers have towards employees and members of the public
  • Employees have to themselves and to each other
  • Self-employed have towards themselves and others

Under section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, employers have a duty to provide a safe place of work and protect the health and safety of their employees and others that may be affected by their work activities.

PUWER - Regulation 9 Training

Training and instruction are fundamental requirements under many regulations, including the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. Employers have a duty to provide those they are responsible for with general training on health and safety and, where particular requirements make it necessary, more specific training. Regulation 9 sets out the training requirements to ensure the safe use of work equipment.

The regulation focuses on:  

  • Providing training to those who use work equipment
  • Providing training to employees who manage or supervise the use of work equipment

Regulation 9 states:

(1)Every employer shall ensure that all persons who use work equipment have received adequate training for purposes of health and safety, including training in the methods which may be adopted when using the work equipment. Any risks which such use may entail and precautions to be taken.

(2) Every employer shall ensure that any of his employees who supervises or manages the use of work equipment has received adequate training for purposes of health and safety, including training in the methods which may be adopted when using the work equipment, any risks which such use may entail and precautions to be taken.

Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER)

These Regulations place duties on people and companies who own, operate or have control over lifting equipment. This includes all businesses and organisations whose employees use lifting equipment, whether owned by them or not. In most cases, lifting equipment is also work equipment so the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) will also apply (including inspection and maintenance.

All lifting operations involving lifting equipment must be properly planned by a competent person, appropriately supervised and carried out in a safe manner.

LOLER also requires that all equipment used for lifting is fit for purpose, appropriate for the task, suitably marked and, in many cases, subject to statutory periodic ‘thorough examination’.

Records must be kept of all thorough examinations and any defects found.


Lift Truck Training ACOP L 117

Monitoring and assessment of lift-truck operators, even those who are trained and experienced need to be routinely monitored. Where necessary, retested or completion of a refresher training course to make sure they continue to operate lift trucks safely.

You can identify the need for further training using a formal monitoring and assessment process, carried out by a suitably competent person, such as an instructor. Formally timetable this assessment, e.g.  A retest, to make sure it is done at reasonable intervals. Where an operator fails this assessment, arrange further training for them.

You may find it useful to record these assessments in operators’ personnel records. Regular refresher training will ensure operators:

  • Maintain good driving habits;
  • Learn new skills where appropriate;
  • Reassess their abilities. Refresher training or retesting might also be appropriate where operators;
  • Have not used trucks for some time;
  • Are occasional users;
  • Appear to have developed unsafe working practices;
  • Have had an accident or near miss;
  • Have changed their working practices or environment.

There is no specific time period after which you need to provide refresher training or formal assessment. However, you may decide that automatic refresher training or a retest after a set period of time (e.g. 3-5 years) is the best way to make sure employees stay competent. Where you adopt this approach, you will still need to monitor performance in case operators need extra training before the set period ends.

The ACOP states:

You should ensure that self-propelled work equipment, including any attachments or towed equipment, is only driven by workers who have received appropriate training in the safe driving of such work equipment. Approved Codes of Practice.